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Last Updated: Mar 7, 2014 URL: http://libguides.nus.edu.sg/standards Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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Eurocodes FAQ

Summary

Eurocodes adopted by Singapore including the National Annexes are available only in hard copy at Central Library Reference 6 (PH Room). [See point 6 below]. As Britian has adopted Eurocodes and has its own National Annexes as well, current students and staff of NUS [not external members] can access soft copies of those via British Standards Online .

  • Are the British soft copies exactly the same as the hard copies in Central Library Reference 6 (PH Room)

            Eurocodes:
              It depends on whether Singapore follows the corrigenda (if any) that the British follow.
              The Library is unable to advise if Singapore follows the corrigenda (if any).

            National Annexes:
              No, because National Annexes differ from country to country.

 

 

1.      What are Eurocodes?
         Structural Eurocodes are a set of  harmonized European standards for the design of buildings and civil engineering structures. There are10 of them made up of 58 parts.

·         Singapore has adopted some of them. They came into effect on 1 April 2013.

·         All have prefix SS EN while the original European standards each has prefix EN.

·         Britain has adopted all of them. All have prefix BS EN.

 

2.      What are National Annexes?
          National Annexes contain parameters left open for national choice. Parameters include

                                                               i.      Climate

                                                             ii.      Legislation

·         Each Eurocode that Singapore adopts has a National Annex which must be used in conjunction with it. The prefix to National Annex is NA to SS EN

·         Each in the British set, except for BS EN 1998-3 also comes with a National Annex. The prefix to British set is NA to BS EN

 

3.       What is the full set of Eurocodes?
The links are as copied from the BSI (British Standards Institution) Shop
Base Eurocode - Basis of structural design
Needed for use with all other Eurocodes

Eurocode 1 Series - Action on structures
Eurocodes and related information on loading

Eurocode 2 Series - Design of concrete structures
Eurocode 3 Series - Design of steel structures
Eurocode 4 Series - Design on composite steel and concrete structures
Eurocode 5 Series - Design of timber structures
Eurocode 6 Series - Design of masonry structures
Eurocode 7 Series - Geotechnical design
Eurocode 8 Series - Design of structures for earthquake resistance
Eurocode 9 Series - Design of aluminium structures

 

4.      Which are the ones Singapore has adopted?

R/N

Code Ref (S’pore)

Title

# parts in standard

# parts in NA

1

SS EN 1990

Basis of structural design

1

1

2

SS EN 1991

Actions on structures

9

9

3

SS EN 1992

Design of concrete structures

4

4

4

SS EN 1993

Design of steel structures

20

14

5

SS EN 1994

Design of composite steel and concrete structures

3

3

6

SS EN 1997

Geotechnical design

2

2

7

SS EN 1998

Design of structures for earthquake resistance: General rules, seismic actions and rules for buildings

Singapore is adopting only part 1 of six parts

 

5.      Does the Library have all of the Eurocodes that Singapore has adopted and the accompanying National Annexes?
          Yes. The set (hard copy)  is in CL Reference 6 (PH Room)

6.      Where is CL Reference 6 (PH Room)?
·         It is at Central Library, 5th floor next to Information Desk

·         Face the Information Desk

·         The PH [Peggy Hochstadt] Room is on your right

·         Enter the PH Room

·         Section 6 is on the right, first row of shelves

·         Pamphlet boxes rather than books are there

·         Labels of boxes are colour-coded

·         Call no. of Eurocodes starts with T59.212 SS EN but you do no need to remember it. Just remember the colour of the label of the boxes, light green

·         Call no. of standards starts with T59.212 SS NA but you do no need to remember it. Just remember the colour of the label of the boxes, white

7.      Does the Library Have All of Structural Eurocodes that Britain Has adopted and the Accompanying National Annexes?
         Yes. They are in British Standards Online

 

8.      If the Singapore standard, e.g. SS EN 1991-2 (2010) has been misplaced, can I use the soft copy of BS EN 1991-2:2003 from British Standards Online?
 It depends on whether Singapore follows the December 2004 and April 2010 amendments that the British follow. Do not let the date 2003 mislead you into thinking the standard was last updated in 2003. You need to click on View details to check.

 

                             • To confirm that it also has been amended by December 2004, click on Download, then check the National Foreword.

At bottom of National Foreword

·         The Library is unable to advise if Singapore follows any of the corrigenda for any of the British standard.

·         In the British standard itself, the start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags. E.g.

                                                                i.      What is indicated within those tags might not apply to Singapore.

                                                             ii.      The rest of the British standard is exactly the same as the Singapore standard and the original European standard.

 

9.      If the National Annex to SS EN 1991-2 (2010) has been misplaced, can I pull out the soft copy of the National Annex to  BS EN 1991-2:2003 from British Standards Online?
No, because National Annexes differ from country to country.

 

 

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