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APA Style (6th ed.) : Audio-Visual & Maps

This guide provides examples of references cited according to the American Psychological Association (APA) style. Most examples and all guidelines are extracted from the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, (6th ed., 2nd printing)

For more information


Motion picture, video & TV

For more examples and guidelines on citing audio-visual materials and maps, please refer to Section 7.07, pages 209-210 of the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.).

Music recording & map

Motion Picture

  • Abrams, J. J. (Producer), & Spielberg, S. (Director). (2008). Today is 
          a good day to die
    [Motion picture]. United States: Davidson 

Note: In-text, use (Producer Surname & Director Surname, Year).


  • American Psychological Association. (Producer). (2000). Responding
          therapeutically to patient expressions of sexual attraction [DVD]. 
          Available from

Single episode from a television series

  • Egan, D. (Writer), & Alexander, J. (Director). (2005). Failure to 
          communicate [Television series episode]. In D. Shore 
          (Executive producer), House. New York, NY: Fox Broadcasting.