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APA Style (6th ed.) : Audio-Visual & Maps

This guide provides examples of references cited according to the American Psychological Association (APA) style. Most examples and all guidelines are extracted from the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, (6th ed., 2nd printing)

For more information

For more examples and guidelines on citing audio-visual materials and maps, please refer to Section 7.07, pages 209-210 of the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.).

Motion picture, video & TV

Motion Picture

  • Abrams, J. J. (Producer), & Spielberg, S. (Director). (2008). Today is 
          a good day to die
    [Motion picture]. United States: Davidson 

Note: In-text, use (Producer Surname & Director Surname, Year).


  • American Psychological Association. (Producer). (2000). Responding
          therapeutically to patient expressions of sexual attraction [DVD]. 
          Available from

Single episode from a television series

  • Egan, D. (Writer), & Alexander, J. (Director). (2005). Failure to 
          communicate [Television series episode]. In D. Shore 
          (Executive producer), House. New York, NY: Fox Broadcasting.

Music recording & map

Music recording

General format:

  • Writer, A. (Copyright year). Title of song [Recorded by B. B. Artist
          if different from writer]. On Title of album [Medium of 
          recording: CD, record, cassette, etc.] Location: Label. 
          (Date of recording if different from song copyright date)

  • Lang, K. D. (2008). Shadow and the frame [Recorded by K. C. Perry]. 
          On Watershed [CD]. New York, NY: Nonesuch Records.

Note: In text, use (Lang, 2008, track 10). If the song is an MP3 file, just qualify with [MP3 file] instead of [CD]

Online map

  • Lewis County Geographic Information Services. (Cartographer). 
          (2002). Population density, 2000 U.S. Census [Demographic    
          map]. Retrleved from