You must provide in-text citations and a bibliograhy or reference list whenever you quote or paraphrase ideas from other authors, in order to:
- provide evidence for your arguments and add credibility to your work. It shows that you have sought out and considered a variety of viewpoints on a given topic.
- show the depth and scope of your research and give credit to authors for their ideas.
- help readers to locate and further explore the sources you consulted.
- avoid charges of plagiarism.
Which sources to cite?
- Direct quotations from a book, article, film, letter, email, lecture, etc.
- Ideas you draw from a source but present entirely in your own words.
- Facts or ideas which are not common knowledge.
- Not just books and articles but statistical data, websites, blogs, etc.
Which citation style?
Ask your module instructor/coordinator/tutor for the preferred citation style and if there are other special formatting instructions you should follow.
Bibliographic management software
EndNote is a bibliographic management software that:
- stores and organizes citations found from many sources
- inserts these citations into a Word document
- automatically formats your references according to a predefined citation style.