Skip to main content
Banner Image

APA Style (6th ed.) : Technical Reports, Proceedings & Theses

This guide provides examples of references cited according to the American Psychological Association (APA) style. Most examples and all guidelines are extracted from the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, (6th ed., 2nd printing)

For more information

For more examples and guidelines on citing technical reports, proceedings of conferences & theses, please refer to Section 7.03-7.05, pages 206-208 of the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.).

Technical and research reports

Technical and research reports, like journal articles, usually cover original research. They are sometimes referred to as gray literature. Format references to technical and research reports as you would a book.

  • Author, A. A. (1998). TItle of work (Report No. xxx). Location: Publisher.

Corporate author - government report

  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes 
          of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (2003). 
          Managing asthma: A guide for schools (NIH Publication 
          No. 02-2650). Retrieved from

Corporate author - online report

  • American Psychological Association, Task Force on the Sexualization 
          of Girls. (2007). Report of the APA Task Force on the 
          Sexualization of Girls
    . Retrieved from

Authored report - nongovernmental

  • Ebert, S. A., & Davey, C. M. (2013). The contribution of microfinance 
          institutions to poverty reduction in Tanzania (Research Report
          No.63). Retrieved from Research on Poverty Alleviation website: 

Conference proceeding

Proceedings of meetings and symposia can be published as a book (one time) or periodical (regular). To cite published proceedings from a book, use the same format as for a book or book chapter. To cite proceedings that are published regularly, use the same format as for a periodical.

 Proceedings in book form

  • Katz, I., Gabayan, K., & Aghajan, H. (2007). A multi-touch surface 
          using multiple cameras. In J. Blanc-Talon, W. Philips, 
          D. Popescu, & P. Scheunders (Eds.), Lecture Notes in 
          Computer Science: Vol. 4678. Advanced Concepts for Intelligent
          Vision Systems
    (pp. 97-108). Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.

Proceedings published regularly online

  • Herculano-Houzel, S., Collins, C. E., Wong, P., & Kaas, J. H. (2008). 
          The basic nonuniformity of the cerebral cortex. Proceedings of 
          the National
    Academy of Sciences, USA, 105, 12593-12598. 

Doctoral dissertation & Master's thesis

Master's thesis from a commercial database

  • McNiel, D. S. (2006). Meaning through narrative: A personal narrative 
    growing up with an alcoholic mother 
          (Master's thesis). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and 
          Theses database. (UMI No. 1434728)

Doctoral dissertation from an institutional database

  • Yap, J. M. (2009). Building a foundation for evaluation of instruction
           in higher
    education and continuing education (Doctoral
           dissertation). Retrieved from

Doctoral dissertation from the web

  • Bruckman, A (1997). MOOSE Crossing: Construction, community, and 
          learning in
    a networked virtual world for kids (Doctoral 
          dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology). Retrieved