Citation managers (or reference managers or citation software or bibliographic management tools) are software that:
NUS Libraries conduct tutorials on how to use Zotero, EndNote and Mendeley effectively every semester. Watch out for NUS Libraries' emails.
Zotero is a free bibliographic citation management software that allows you to save, collect, manage, cite, and share research sources. Zotero is available either as a Firefox extension or as standalone software that works with Firefox, Chrome and Safari browsers. It works right in your browser, making it easy to save you citations while you search. Use the Zotero word processor plugins to easily cite your sources and create a bibliography while you work.
For further details, please refer to Zotero Guide.
EndNote is a desktop-based citation manager, complimented with web-based version called EndNote Basic. It has over 6000 citation styles to be used via Cite While You Write (CWYW) in word processing application.
To know more about EndNote, refer to EndNote Guide.
Mendeley is a citation management tool that, like many others, lets you collect & organize citations, and then easily insert them into documents & format bibliographies. It also lets you drag & drop PDFs into your library & extracts the metadata to create a library!
To know more about Mendeley, refer to Mendeley Guide.
For a more detailed comparison, refer to:
Free for NUS staff and students, else US$299.95 for full version
|Free for NUS staff and students with 100GB personal library space||Free with 300MB, pay for upgraded storage (min. 2GB for US$20/year)|
|Strengths||• Offers the most options for customization and formatting
• Has the most output styles for formatting
• Handles large amounts of references
|• Networking with global Mendeley community: see what other users are reading and citing, find other members with common research interest
• Does an excellent job of pulling citation metadata from PDFs
• Ability to suggest relevant articles based on Mendeley Library
• Searches articles through Mendeley Cloud
|• Good for managing a variety of formats, including webpages
• Offers the most functionalities in a free and open-source product
• Imports records from several databases that don't work with EndNote and RefWorks, e.g. USPTO
|Reasons to Select This Software||
• The most matured software among the ones compared here
|• Your research content is primarily contained in PDF files
• Use it to manage bibliography, not fulltext
• Accessible anywhere in multiple devices
• Facilitates collaboration with colleagues
• Enables retrieval of PDF metadata, which allows you to create citation records by dragging a PDF into Zotero
|Learning Curve||Much to learn. Requires training to make learning easier.||Easy to learn||Easy to learn|
|User Interface||Slightly complicated||Simple, modern and relatively intuitive||Simple design|
|Word Processing Software||Word, Apple Pages, OpenOffice, Wolfram Mathematica 8, LaTex through BibTex||Word, Mac Word, OpenOffice, BibTeX||Word, OpenOffice (via 3rd party plugin), LaTex through BibTex|
|Max Number of Records||Unlimited, but 100,000 recommended||Unlimited on desktop, 100GB free web storage||Unlimited on desktop, 300MB free web storage|