Skip to Main Content

Canadian Guide to Uniform Legal Citation: Online Sources

Also known as the "McGill Guide"

Electronic Sources

This section provides guidance for sources found solely or primarily online.

Examples below are based on pages E-102, E-103, E-106 & E-107 of the McGill Guide (10th ed.)

Source Type                                     Examples

Author, | "title of the page/article" | (date of the page/article), | pinpoint, | online: | <URL> | [archived URL].

Chai Yee Xin, "A Guide to the Singapore Legal System and Legal Research" (last visited 8 March 2024), online: <>.

Note: Where the date of publication of the page/article is not available, replace with either the date of the last modification of the website preceded by “last modified” or the date of access preceded by “last visited” (as in the example above)

Blog Posts

Use the same form as for websites above, but add (blog) after online.

Simon Chesterman, "Good Models Borrow, Great Models Steal: Intellectual Property Rights and Generative AI" (5 February 2024), online (blog): <>.

PDF Documents,
e.g. SSRN

Use the same form as for websites but provide pinpoint after the date and add (pdf) after online.

Hans Tjio, "Securities and Financial Services Regulation" (last modified March 2023), online (pdf): <>.


Author, | “title of article”, | newspaper | (date) | page, | electronic source.

Jean Iau, “Public Defender’s Office Marks One Year of Access to Those Who Need It Most”, The Straits Times (18 December 2023), online: <>.

News Releases

Issuing body, | type of document, | document number, | "title" | (date), | electronic source.

Ministry of Law, Press Release, “Singapore-France Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty Will Come into Force on 1 April 2023” (31 March 2023), online: <>.

Note: Additional guidance for this section has been sought from Queen's University Library's Legal Citation with the 10th edition of the McGill Guide.