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Copyright for Teaching, Learning and Research

A compilation of Copyright information by the following teams in NUS Libraries: Copyright and Other Legal Matters, e-Reserves, First Year Essentials, Scholarly Communications.

Learning Materials: Slides, Tutorial Notes and Handouts

The slides, tutorial handouts and other teaching materials uploaded to LumiNUS and Canvas are copyrighted and owned by NUS and/or its teaching staff. 

You are not to:

  • sell
  • upload
  • share
  • distribute

...NUS slides, tutorial handouts and other teaching materials on commercial platforms. 

Doing so is a violation of NUS's policies (e.g. NUS Student Code of Conduct) and Copyright Laws and may subject you to disciplinary action.

Appropriate Use of e-Resources

NUS e-Resources are Protected by Copyright

Material available through NUS e-Resources are all protected by copyright. Access to these resources have been paid for by NUS Libraries. These include: 

  • e-Books
  • e-Journals
  • databases 

Best Practices when Using NUS e-Resources:

Best Practice Avoid Doing These Things 

1. download / print a copy for yourself 

2. adhere to the printing and downloading guidelines

1. exceeding printing and downloading guidelines for e-Books

2. post / share simple links with your class or staff member 

2. post a copy (e.g. PDF article or chapter) on a shared site or file sharing site (e.g. Dropbox, Google Drive)

3. distribute the materials through other digital media formats (e.g. social media, email)

4. share your e-Resource password with anyone else

5. print and share copies of the article/chapter with others

What are the Consequences of Violations?

  • Publishers track use of e-Resources through various means:
    • Download statistics: mass/systematic downloading
    • Digital watermarks: invisible tracking tool to detect illicit copying
    • Other types of embedded digital markers
  • Publishers may notify NUS Libraries of excessive downloads and sharing of their materials
  • Publishers and NUS Libraries can identify users through their emails or IP addresses

Possible Scenario: 

  • Publishers/copyright owner will contact the library 
  • Library may contact the user and try to resolve violation
  • If necessary, NUS Libraries legal counsel/faculty deans may get involved  
  • Some publishers terminate access to e-Resources for the entire university temporarily upon detection of violations 
  • Users may be subject to disciplinary action

Useful Policies 

  • NUS Libraries e-Resource Appropriate Use Policy 
    • This policy sets out the prohibited acts when using NUS Libraries e-Resources such as:
      • mass downloading
      • dissemination of copyrighted materials 

Photocopying and Scanning Guidelines

You are only allowed to photocopy / scan a "reasonable amount" of a book or journal article. 

Please see more on fair use here.

Plagiarism

Plagiarism and Copyright are distinct concepts, although they are commonly confused.

Learn more about Plagiarism here.