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Information Literacy Skills for Research (Engineering): Academic Publishing


Academic publishing encompasses various aspect of publishing process, e.g. complying with research regulations, academic writing, selecting journals to publish, evaluating journals, and understanding your rights as an author.

To learn more, refer to Scholarly Publishing Guide.

Publishing Glossary

Preprint is the draft of the manuscript before formal peer-review, or the first version sent to the journal for consideration.

Postprint is the version of the manuscript after formal peer-review but before being type-set by the publisher. 

Published PDF is the version of the manuscript published in a journal with the journal's type-set and branding.

Open access means "digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions" (Suber, 2012).

Blacklist is a directory of journals known or highly suspected to be untrustworthy

Whitelist is a listing of journals confirmed to be trustworthy.

Journal Selection

Step 1: Start the search by creating a pool of potential journals.

You can do so by: 

  • Referring to the journals referenced in the bibliography of key papers in your field 
  • Looking at your manuscript's references to see where the articles you have cited were published
  • Consulting your research network (i.e. supervisors, mentors, seniors or colleagues)
  • Searching in journal finders or recommenders using major keywords from your manuscript
  • Performing a topical search in databases to identify potential journals for your manuscript

Step 2: Narrow down to a handful of suitable journals and compare them.

Below are some of the most important criteria to keep in mind when choosing a journal that is a good match for your research.

  • What are the aims and scope of the journal?

    Look for sections titled “About the Journal,” “Full Aims and Scope,” or something similar on the journal homepage. This will let you know the aims of the journals, who reads the journal and if your research is a good match for the journal.

  • Has the journal published articles that are similar to yours?

    ‚ÄčPerform a search in the journal based on the keywords used in your manuscript to determine whether the journal has published work that is similar to yours. Aim to identify 3-5 papers published within the last 5 years and try to determine whether these papers are similar to yours in quality and scope. Identifying previously published papers in your specific subject area is excellent evidence that your research topic is of interest to the audience of a particular journal, which will increase your chances of review.

  • Do you want to publish Open Access (OA)? 
    Read more about Open Access here. Does your journal offer Open Access publishing avenues? Publishing OA in journals generally will involve authors paying some kind of Article Processing Charges. You can read more about such charges and some NUS Libraries initiatives here for NUS authors:

  • What are the journal’s restrictions?

    In the journal's homepage, look for sections titled “Information for Authors” or Editorial policies section of your journal to determine the journal’s restrictions. Certain restrictions such as publication type, word count, methodology, referencing styles or publication costs are common restrictions that authors may consider.

  • What are the journal’s metrics?

    The validity of the Journal Impact Factor or other journal metrics (e.g. CiteScore, SJR, SNIP) as a measure for journal quality is controversial. Nevertheless, they remain the default method for determining the quality and reputation of a journal. Although it is tempting to submit a manuscript to the journal with the highest journal metrics, it is important to objectively evaluate your research and determine whether it is truly suitable for a top-tier journal. Otherwise, you will risk valuable time and effort resubmitting (and reformatting) your manuscript multiple times for multiple journals.

Adapted from: American Journal Experts 

Open Access

There are several reasons why it is advantageous to publish open access;

  • Making your publications 'Open Access' improves the visibility of your work as it can be read by everyone
  • Allows your research findings to be disseminated quickly via multiple channels
  • Allows you to retain your author's rights to your research publications
  • Several funding bodies (e.g. MOE Tier 2 and 3, NRF Competitive Research Programme and ASTAR) require grant holders to make their publications open access.


There are two models to make your publications open access.

  • "Gold" or immediate OA - This ensures that your article becomes open access immediately on publication. Very often, an article processing charge (APC) is paid to the publisher. Gold OA is available to fully open access journals, as well as for hybrid journals which are traditional journals offering both open access and non-open access publishing models.
  • "Green" OA - This involves publishing in a subscription journal and then making a version of your article (i.e. preprint, postprint, and/or published PDF) available through a repository such as the institutional repository, ScholarBank@NUS. You may be required to deposit after an embargo period of up to a year. To find out more information, please check Sherpa Romeo for journal OA and copyright options. 

To find out more about ScholarBank@NUS and the depositing guidelines, please click here, or email ScholarBank@NUS.

Author Profiles

Having an author profile online can help to distinguish your research from others and showcase your scholarly contributions to the academic community. This is one of the first steps to increasing your research visibility. When other academics try to search for your name on the web or on other online systems, they would be able to see a list of your publications and the impact of your work. Taking the few minutes to create, maintain and update your profiles will also increase your chance of securing a grant application from grant funding agencies and increase the chances of getting possible collaborators to find and work with you.

Here are some of the more commonly used author profiles and platforms:

  • Google Scholar Profile
  • ORCID iD
  • Scopus Author ID
  • Publons (or ResearcherID)

Learn more about author profiles at our Author Profiles libguide.


ScholarBank@NUS is the digital institutional repository (IR) of the National University of Singapore (NUS). Its goals are to collect, archive, preserve, showcase and provide online access to the research output of NUS to the world, and through this, maximise the research visibility, usage and impact of NUS researchers' works and demonstrate the University's research excellence.

ScholarBank@NUS contains a range of scholarly works with different levels of access but its primary objective is to facilitate open access to the University's research publications and data underpinning published research findings. The repository also serves as a provision for NUS researchers to adhere to and fulfil open access mandates imposed by funding agencies. Content in the repository will remain accessible in perpetuity.

To see our policies and guidelines regarding submission of your scholarly work, please see here.

If you have any queries about the institutional repository, please contact the ScholarBank@NUS team.