The text of this guide RU: Finding and Using Free-Use Online Content © National University of Singapore Libraries is licensed under CC BY-NC 4.0 . Attribute and link back to this LibGuide if you are going to re-use the content.
The aim of this guide is to provide copyright awareness and education in the following areas:
It does not constitute legal advice. For legal advice, please contact your legal counsel or the Office of Legal Affairs through your department.
The Singapore Copyright Act 2021 introduced a new right to be identified.
Identifications of authors must be made in the way the author wishes to be identified and displayed prominently.
Full details under section 373 of the Copyright Act and page 5-6 of this link https://www.ipos.gov.sg/docs/default-source/resources-library/copyright/copyright-act-factsheet.pdf.
Citation and Attribution of licensed works are slightly different concepts. Attribution is a requirement under open licenses such as Creative Commons and are intended to provide attribution to the author of the work.
|Rights of the copy are not share with the public, only citation given||Copy is shared with the general public e.g. image is reproduced|
|Reference list of cited sources are at the end of the article or presentation||Attribution statement is reasonably prominently displayed on the same page|
|Follows citation styles e.g. APA, IEEE, Chicago, Turabian||May follow attribution guidelines set by the open license e.g. TASL|
Table adapted from Page 21 of Self-Publishing Guide by Lauri M. Aesoph is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Attribution is normally required when using someone else's copyrighted work.
Creative Commons (CC)
Creative commons recommends the TASL approach:
T = Title
A = Author
S = Source
L = License
Examples of CC Attribution
T = It is the beautiful Egypt
A = Karim Essm
S = It is the beautiful Egypt (link to original Wikimedia Commons page)
L = Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International (link to license deed)
More examples of TASL at the Creative Commons wiki here: https://wiki.creativecommons.org/wiki/best_practices_for_attribution
Databases sometimes provide their own attribution guidelines e.g. Freesound.
Specific guidelines for Creative Commons (CC) Licensed Materials:
The general recommendations differ based on the medium.
Here are some recommendations by CC Australia:
Screenshot above from “Attributing Creative Commons Materials” by Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation (www.cci.edu.au) in partnership with Creative Commons Australia (http://creativecommons.org.au) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia licence.
Here are some recommendations by CC Wiki:
Attribution in Specific Media
...best practices for attribution apply as reasonable to the medium you're working with. For media such as offline materials, video, audio, and images, consider:
Text above extracted from "Best practices for attribution" by Creative Commons Wiki which is licensed under CC BY 4.0