This page includes information tailored to Introduction to Global Affairs. This guide is not meant to be a comprehensive resource for image resources and image citing.
Examples of different types of visualization methods: A Periodic Table of Visualization Methods - Visual Literacy
Copyright protection: "Exclusive legal right, given to an originator or an assignee to print, publish, perform, film, or record literary, artistic, or musical material, and to authorize others to do the same." Generally speaking - all creative works are automatically copyrighted without the need to register with a governmental agency.
Creative Commons Licensing: a Non-profit organization created to provide options for individuals to share their creative works, but still maintain some protection against commercial use. CC provides free licenses – the terms of which the copyright holder chooses.
Public Domain: Creative works that are no longer under copyright protection because intellectual property rights have expired, have been forfeited, or are inapplicable. Although attribution is not compulsory, it is recommended to attribute creator upon reuse.
'Fair Dealing' and the Singapore Copyright Act: Under the provisions of the Copyright Act, copying the whole or a part of a copyrighted work is permissible as long as it is a 'fair dealing'. Fair dealing can include dealings for non-profit educational purposes. Generally speaking, students should be able to use copyrighted images for course-related projects and presentations, as long as proper attribution is given. However, questions arise when one intends to widely distribute information - even if it is not for commercial purposes. When in doubt, always search for and use images in the public domain or those licensed under Creative Commons. Want to read the Copyright Act for yourself? Visit this link.
Creative Commons Best Practices for Attribution
Kate Hart: Citing Sources: A quick and graphic guide
Inquisitive Hippo: 6 Thing about Image Attribution
The Visual Communication Guy: Can I use that picture?
Search Creative Common Images <https://search.creativecommons.org/>
If the above links don't have enough images, check out the following blogpost. There are many additional sources out there to explore! https://blog.bufferapp.com/free-image-sources-list
Many infographics give little information about the data or images used. Additionally, there are inconsistent guidelines available for attributing images under Creative Commons licenses, as well as those in the public domain. Here are some examples for you to consider as you create your infographic:
Image citations should include the following information at a minimum:
This information can be formatted according to any citation style you are using. Here are some examples:
APA Image general structure:
Creator's last name, first initial. (Role of creator). (Year of creation). Title of image or description of image. [Type of work]. Retrieved from URL/database.
Creative Commons Attribution recommendation:
"Creative Commons 10th Birthday Celebration San Francisco" by tvol is licensed under CC BY 2.0
Bare minimum attribution to include on infographic: Include creator, licensing and site.
CC image courtesy of Smabs Sputzer on Flickr
Image courtesy of Salvatore Vuono at freedigitalphotos.net
Software available in Yale-NUS College Computer Lab
Adobe Creative Cloud 2017: Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign, Premiere Pro, After Effects, Lightroom
Set up a WordPress website at Yale-NUS Commons platform (http://commons.yale-nus.edu.sg). The sites can be used for blogs, student organisations, research labs, photography exhibits or portfolios.