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Historical Sources of Singapore Law: Reference Sources

Judicial Dictionaries

* indicates Singapore resources.

Legal Abbreviations

If you are unable to identify the abbreviation in a case or article citation, use one of the following indexes to find out its meaning:

Legal Encyclopaedias

The key legal encyclopaedia for Singapore is the *Halsbury's Laws of Singapore. However, relevant information can also be obtained from other encyclopaedias listed below:


The main legal digest for Singapore, Mallal's Digest, provides summaries of reported decisions, and a selection of unreported decisions for Singapore and Malaysia from 1808 to 2018. This publication has ceased.

Citators (Print)

Use the following citators to note-up case law and legislation:

Citators (Online)

To note up a case, use LawNet:

Search for the case you wish to note-up, e.g. Ang Sunny v Public Prosecutor. Case treatment is indicated just above the case name by the words "Following", "Referring", "Distinguishing", etc. Click on each section to the see the listing of cases.

Alternatively, look under "Case References - Referring" on the left panel of the screen for annotating cases.