Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Banner Image

American Sociological Association (ASA) Style: Reference List

Books and book chapters

Books:

  • Grenfell, Michael and David James. 1998. Bourdieu And Education. London : Falmer Press.
  • Martinelli, Alberto and Neil J Smelser, eds. 1990. Economy And Society. London: Sage Publications.

Book chapters

  • Grenfell, Michael and David James. 1998. "Practical Applications." Pp. 53-71 in Bourdieu And Education . London Falmer Press.
  • Young, Iris Marion. 1997. “Deferring Group Representation.” Pp. 349–76 in Ethnicity and group rights, edited by I. Shapiro and W. Kymlicka. New York: New York University Press.

Journal articles

The fourth edition of the ASA style guide recommends that the issue number be included after the volume number of the journal. If they are included, they should be used throughout the reference list.

  • Baker, Paul and Amanda Potts. 2013. “‘Why Do White People Have Thin Lips?’ Google and the Perpetuation of Stereotypes via Auto-Complete Search Forms.” Critical Discourse Studies 10(2):187–204. 

Other reference materials

Dissertation or Thesis in print or microfilm form:

  • Guillory, Ann Verrett. 1983. “The relationship of contact with grandparents and ethnic background to adolescents' attitudes towards older persons." PhD dissertation, Teachers College, University of Columbia.

Dissertation or Thesis retrieved from database:

  • Guillory, Ann Verrett. 1983. “The relationship of contact with grandparents and ethnic background to adolescents' attitudes towards older persons." PhD dissertation, Teachers College, University of Columbia. Retrieved from ProQuest dissertations & theses global, 8322207. 

Working papers, unpublished papers, discussion papers, presentations:

  • Name of author. Year. Presentation Title. Location where the article was presented or is available.

Citing e-resources

The general rules for print materials apply to e-resources as well, with some additional things such as the URL and date of access to add in the citations.


E-Books

  • Grenfell, Michael and David James. 1998. Bourdieu and Education. Taylor and Francis eBooks. Retrieved August 10,2016 (http://www.tandfebooks.com/doi/view/10.4324/9780203209455)

Journal articles (e-journals) with URL:

  • Baker, Paul and Amanda Potts. 2013. “‘Why Do White People Have Thin Lips?’ Google and the Perpetuation of Stereotypes via Auto-Complete Search Forms.” Critical Discourse Studies 10(2):187–204. Retrieved August 10,2016 (http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17405904.2012.744320)

Journal articles (e-journals) with DOI:

  • Baker, Paul and Amanda Potts. 2013. “‘Why Do White People Have Thin Lips?’ Google and the Perpetuation of Stereotypes via Auto-Complete Search Forms.” Critical Discourse Studies 10(2):187–204. doi:10.1080/17405904.2012.744320.
  • DOI should be copied and pasted from the article.

Websites

  •  "Managing Hawker Centres And Markets In Singapore". National Environment Agency. Singapore: National Environment Agency. Retrieved August 10, 2016 (http://www.nea.gov.sg/public-health/hawker-centres/managing-hawker-centres-and-markets-in-singapore).

Blog post

  • Kaufman, Peter. 2016. "Us vs. Them: The dangerous discourse of difference." Everyday Sociology Blog. Retrieved August 10, 2016 (http://www.everydaysociologyblog.com/2016/08/us-vs-them-the-dangerous-discourse-of-difference.html).

Online video

  • TED. 2016. "How computers are learning to be creative | Blaise Agüera y Arcas." You-Tube Web site. Retrieved August 10, 2016 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uSUOdu_5MPc)