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American Sociological Association (ASA) Style: Home

Know about Plagiarism

plagiarism cover

Why Cite?

  • To acknowledge intellectual property of the original author
  • To provide support to arguments by referring to authoritative sources
  • To help readers verify your claims
  • To show research done

Where do you Cite?

Citation occurs in 2 areas in a written work.
  • In-text Citation : Providing basic information on your source of reference in your text itself. This is necessary when you are quoting, paraphrasing or summarizing from a source.
  • Reference List : Purpose is to help readers find the references used in your text.

Related Guides

ASA Style Guide

  • The ASA (American Sociological Association) Style is closely related in appearance and function to the APA (American Psychological Association) style.
  • As with APA style, ASA style requires that sources receive attribution in the text by the use of parenthetical in-text references. 
  • The "author-date" in-text citation system is a readily recognizable feature of ASA style. 

The following list covers the authoritative ASA Style Guide 6th ed. Included also are selected online guides that provide instructions and examples on how to create in-texts and bibliographies/reference lists in research papers. Some may include advice on grammar and punctuation, research methods as well as guidelines on formatting the final paper.

ASA 6th ed. Explained

Managing Citation and References

Citation or reference managers such as Zotero and EndNote auto-create references by pulling in citations from databases, library catalogues as well as selected search engines. Citations can then be automatically added to your work and formatted in your preferred style.

ZoteroBib helps you build a bibliography instantly from any computer or device, without creating an account or installing any software. This is a community-based, powerful open-source research tool recommended by universities worldwide. It helps you to seamlessly add sources and produce bibliographies.

The following video on using ZoteroBib shows how to generate citations and to create a bibliography for your research assignment.