The 2 main sources of legislation in Singapore today are:
1. The Statutes of the Republic of Singapore
Revised editions of Singapore Acts are located behind the Loans Desk in the Law Library. Request for individual Acts by title (2020 Rev Ed) or chapter number (older revised editions).
2. Subsidiary Legislation of the Republic of Singapore
The most updated set in the Law Library is located in the Singapore/Malaysia Collection.
The main database for current Singapore legislation is Singapore Statutes Online (SSO).
For historical sources of legislation, refer to the LibGuide: Historical Sources of Singapore Law.
Important note: The 2020 Revised Edition of Acts came into force on 31 December 2021. Refer to the AGC website for more information: https://www.agc.gov.sg/our-roles/drafter-of-laws/legislation-and-revisions.
Main database for modern Singapore legislation:
Singapore statutes online (SSO)
Singapore Government website managed by the Legislation Division of the Attorney-General's Chambers. Provides free online access to Singapore's legislation in particular, current Acts and subsidiary legislation.
Bills as introduced at their first reading, beginning with Bill no. 01/2006. Published by the Parliament of Singapore.
*British Military Administration, Malaya. Gazette. Singapore Division: CO 932/1
Contains proclamations, orders, rules and regulations promulgated by the BMA.
The electronic version of the Government Gazette contains the Bills Supplement, Acts Supplement, Subsidiary Legislation Supplement and Treaties Supplement from 1998. Revised editions of statutes and subsidiary legislation are also available through this database. Click on Archives on the top menu bar for older publications.
The Laws of the Straits Settlements 1835-1919
NUS Libraries has digitised this 5-volume set which contains laws that are an important part of Singapore's legal history. It is commonly referred to as the Bradell Edition.
Official reports: parliamentary debates (Hansard)
Searchable database of Singapore Parliamentary Debates from 1955 onwards. Published by the Singapore Parliament.
Papers presented to Parliament
Part of the Archives Online Database. Papers are classified into one of six categories: Command Paper, Parliamentary Paper, Statutory Paper, Subsidiary Legislation Paper, Presidential Council Paper and Miscellaneous Paper. These include reports of Select Committees of Parliament, legislation and Government White Papers. All Papers from 2011 onwards will be uploaded on the Government Records Database as and when the National Archives receives them from Parliament.
Select committee reports
Select Committee Reports from 1955 onwards are available on the Singapore Parliament website.
*Sessional papers of the Colonial Government of Singapore, 1946-1960 : CO 940
Public sessions of the Colony of Singapore Advisory Council (1947-48) and proceedings of the Singapore Legislative Council (1948-55)
Straits Settlements government gazette
Government gazettes from 1959 to 1940 published on BookSG. Some volumes are missing.
*Straits Settlements government gazette, 1867-1942 : CO 276
Straits Settlements Ordinances as well as Bills laid before the Legislative Council of Singapore. Also includes government notifications, proclamations and advertisements.
*Straits Settlements sessional papers, 1855-1940 : CO 275
Reports on the proceedings of the Legislative and Executive Councils of the Straits Settlements from 1867 to 1940.
* indicates subscription database
Full texts of treaties to which Singapore is a party are available via the following databases and websites:
Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership
The CPTPP is a free trade agreement between 11 countries: Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam. It was concluded on 23 January 2018 in Tokyo, Japan and signed on 8 March 2018 in Santiago, Chile. Singapore ratified the CPTPP on 19 July 2018.
Selection of bilateral treaties in the Treaties Supplement of the Government Gazette from 1998.
ICRC: Treaties, States Parties & Commentaries: Singapore
Treaties relating to humanitarian law to which Singapore is a party.
International tax agreements, including Avoidance of Double Taxation Agreements, concluded between Singapore and other countries. These are made available by the Inland Revenue Authority of Singapore.
FTAs to which Singapore is a party. Published by Enterprise Singapore.
Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks
Treaty adopted by Singapore on Mar 27 2006 and ratified on Mar 26 2007. The full text is made available by WIPO.
Table of ASEAN Treaties/Agreements and Ratification
Listing of treaties signed and ratified by the ASEAN nations, including Singapore (as of October 2012). Full texts of the treaties may be found in the CIL Document Database.
United Nations Treaties Series Online
Select Singapore as a participant to obtain a listing of UN treaties to which Singapore is a party.
Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority: Practice Directions
ACRA Practice Directions from 2002.
Accounting Standards Council: Pronouncements
Singapore financial reporting standards and charities accounting standard issued by the ASC.
Association of Banks in Singapore: Industry Guidelines
Codes of practice and guidelines relating to the banking industry, including consumer banking, investment banking and private banking.
Bankruptcy: Practice Circulars for Individual Insolvency
Practice circulars published by the Insolvency Office, Ministry of Law.
Building and Construction Authority: Codes, Acts and Regulations
Full texts of the Code on Accessibility in the Built Environment, Code of Practice on Buildable Design, and various guidebooks.
Code of Corporate Governance
The 2018 Code and accompanying practice guidance. Published by the Monetary Authority of Singapore.
Code of Ethics and Standards of Professional Conduct for In-House Counsel
Also known as the Singapore Corporate Counsel Association Limited Code of Ethics.
Code of Governance for Charities and Institutions of a Public Character
Code issued by the Commissioner of Charities that will serve as a benchmark in governance standards for the charity sector. Applicable from 1 April 2011.
Competition Act and Guidelines
The guidelines outline how the Competition & Consumer Commission (CCCS) will administer and enforce the provisions under the Competition Act.
Family Justice Courts: Practice Directions
Practice directions issued by the Registrar of the Family Justice Courts governing the conduct of proceedings. See also Registrar's Circulars (select Family Justice Courts in left column)
Infocomm Media Development Authority: Codes of Practice
The IMDA has developed a series of guidelines and codes of practices for the infocomm and media sectors.
Intellectual Property Office of Singapore
Access to guidelines, circulars and practice directions relating to patent, trade mark, design, geographical indication and plant varieties protection.
Law Society of Singapore's Conditions of Sale 2012
Standard terms and conditions which buyers and sellers may incorporate by reference into contracts for sale and purchase of immovable properties.
Maritime and Port Authority: Circulars and Notices
Includes circulars and notices relating to port marine, shipping and maritime security.
Monetary Authority of Singapore: Regulation
MAS circulars, guidelines and notices relating to the various sectors of the Singapore finance industry.
National Environment Agency: Practices and Guidelines
The NEA's guidelines and codes of practice which regulate the environment.
NUS Statutes and Regulations
Policies and procedures established by the NUS Senate and university administration.
Office of the Public Guardian: Safeguards & Protection : The Code of Practice
The Code serves to elaborate on the Mental Capacity Act, particularly in its practical application.
Personal Data Protection Commission: Guidelines and Consultation
The PDPC has issued advisory guidelines relating to the Personal Data Protection Act, including industry-led and sector-specific guidelines.
The Singapore Exchange publishes 7 rulebooks governing the listing, clearing, trading and depository services that the industry needs to comply with.
The Directors' Code of Professional Conduct and the complementary Code of Corporate Governance are published by the Singapore Institute of Directors.
Singapore Code of Advertising Practice
SCAP 2008 (3rd ed.) seeks to promote a high standard of ethics in advertising through industry self-regulation. This website also contains links to the updated chapter. Published by Advertising Standards Authority of Singapore.
Singapore Code on Take-overs and Mergers
Take-overs and mergers in Singapore are subject to non-statutory rules in the Singapore Code on Take-overs and Mergers, which is administered by the Securities Industry Council. The full text of the revised Code is made available by the Monetary Authority of Singapore. See also the Practice Statements issued under the Code.
Singapore Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy Service
Full text of the SDRP Policy, Rules and Supplemental Rules. Published by the Singapore Mediation Centre.
Singapore International Arbitration Centre: Practice Notes
The SIAC publishes guidelines to promote best practices in arbitration.
Singapore International Commercial Court Practice Directions
The Practice Directions are a self-contained set of procedural guidelines regulating all proceedings in the SICC. The website also includes a set of SICC User Guides which provide guidance on certain unique features of SICC proceedings.
Singapore Medical Council: Guidelines
Strata Titles Boards: Guidelines
Registrar's circulars and guidelines published by the STB.
Supreme Court Practice Directions 2021
The Practice Directions and Registrar's Circulars supplement the Rules of Court by regulating court practice and procedure. The electronic Practice Directions ("e-PD") launched by the Supreme Court is the the authoritative version.
Syariah Court Practice Directions 2018
Practice Directions that apply to proceedings in the Syariah Court Singapore. These must be read together with the Muslim Marriage and Divorce Rules (R1). Click here to access the Registrar's Circulars.
This list includes extrinsic materials that can be used in statutory interpretation:
Parliamentary documents that can be used in statutory interpretation:
B. Law Reform Reports
Attorney-General's Chambers: Law Reform Reports
Reports from 2001 to 2010 published by the then Law Reform and Revision Division, AGC.
Singapore Academy of Law: Law Reform
Discussion papers and reports of the Singapore Academy of Law Reform Committee (1989 - ). These law reform reports are also available via LawNet.
C. Green Papers and other Consultation Papers
Ministry of Law: Public Consultations
Public consultation papers published by the Ministry of Law (2008 - )
Papers Presented to Parliament
6 categories of papers uploaded on the Government Records Database as and when the National Archives receives them from Parliament - Command Paper, Parliamentary Paper, Statutory Paper, Subsidiary Legislation Paper, Presidential Council Paper and Miscellaneous Paper (2011 - ) . You can find Green Papers here including the Green Paper on Deliberate Online Falsehoods.
REACH: Public Consultations
REACH posts public consultations by the various Ministries and government agencies seeking feedback on proposed changes to the law.
Singapore Copyright Review – Enhancing Creators’ Rights and Users’ Access to Copyrighted Work
Report issued on 17 Jan 2019. Legislative amendments to the Copyright Act will be made to implement the conclusions in the report. Published by the Ministry of Law.
D. White Papers
These papers are mostly available in Archives Online (Government Records). A selection of the more current ones are highlighted here:
E. Reports of Committees of Inquiry
*indicates subscription database
Important note: The 2020 Revised Edition of Acts came into force on 31 December 2021. Please refer to the AGC website for more information: https://www.agc.gov.sg/our-roles/drafter-of-laws/legislation-and-revisions.
Singapore Subsidiary Legislation (1981-1991); (1991-2005)
Searchable indexes of amendments to Singapore Subsidiary Legislation (1990 Ed.)
The Statutes of the Republic of Singapore (Indexes)
The Alphabetical List of Acts and Chronological Table of Acts in the 2020 Rev Ed. Published by the Attorney-General's Chambers.
Mallal's Digest: Legislation Citator 1932 to 2014
K7599.3 Mdl 2014 (LW Reference 1)
This citator contains a table of Singapore legislation considered by the courts. Note: the latest Legislation Citator (1932 to 2015) only contains references to Malaysian legislation.
Singapore Law Reports (Reissue): Table of Legislation Referred to: 1965 to 2009
K7599 SLR (LW Sing-Mal Coll)
The citator contains a listing of legislation referred to in cases reported in the SLR(R) from 1965 to 2009.
Annotated Laws of Singapore (2021 - )
K7399 Sal (LW Sing-Mal Coll)
Section-by-section annotations to a selection of Singapore statutes including those relating to company, commercial, criminal and family law.
Butterworth's Annotated Statutes of Singapore (1996 - 2001)
K7399 Sbas (LW Leg/Reports, LW Sing-Mal Coll)
Detailed annotations to the provisions of earlier editions of Singapore statutes. Sections V and V5001 of Statute Referencer contain Words and Phrases Statutorily and Judicially Defined (statutorily defined in the revised editions of the statutes of Singapore in force as at 2 June 2000, and judicially defined by the Singapore and Malaysian courts from 1932 to 2 June 2000).
More up-to-date annotations have been published individually by LexisNexis. To find these materials, run a search for "LexisNexis annotated statutes of Singapore" in LINC: https://linc.nus.edu.sg/search/t.
Singapore Law Watch Commentaries: Legislation
Commentaries on legislation by various law firms.
Halsbury's Laws of Singapore
KE5011 Hal (LW RBR, LW Reference 1, LW Sing-Mal Coll)
Contains commentaries on and analyses of Singapore statutes. Online version available via Lexis Advance Singapore.
Online guides and tutorials: