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Citation Styles: Reference lists

Automatically generate citations from databases and catalogues. Use citation builders to create citations. Check authoritative guidelines for citation cyles.

Citation Examples

For books/e-books:
Format with usual citation fields:

<Author(s)> <Date>, <Title>, <Publisher>, <Country/State>.

Format with possible citation fields:

<Author(s)> <Date>, <Chapter, in Name>, <Title><Volume(s)>, <Translated/Compiled/Revised by>, <Edition>, <Publisher>,

<Date of access>, <Country/State>, <URL>.

The following table explains each possible field needed for a book citation in the order of its appearance in the citation.

Field Details and examples
<Author(s)>

1 author:

Thomas Schiller: Schiller T

Ong Wan Wei: Ong WW

2 authors:

Schiller T & Ong WW

More than 2 authors: list all authors:

Schiller T, Ong WW, Tan CK & Jones R

If author is editor:

Schiller T (ed.)

Schiller T (editor)

<Date>

Date available:

2011

Date approximated:

 c. 2011

Date unavailable:

n.d.

2 sources for the same author in the same year:

2011a

2011b

<Chapter, in Name> 

Optional

Use single quotation marks.

When referring to a chapter authored by Ong WW in a book edited by Schiller T:

'Book Chapter', in Schiller T (ed.)

<Title>

Title should be italicised.

Advanced Macroeconomics

<Volume(s)>

Optional

vol. 1

volume 1

vols. 1 & 2

volumes 1 & 2

<Translated/Compiled/Revised by>

Optional

Translated by:

trans. T Schiller

Compiled by:

comp. WW Ong

Revised by:

rev. T Schiller

<Edition>

Optional

2nd edition

second edition

2nd ed.

second ed.

<Publisher>

Pearson

<Country/State>

Singapore

Java

Tokyo

New York, NY

Los Angeles, CA

<Date of access>

Only for online resources.

viewed 11 January 2010

<URL>

Only for online resources.

http://www.google.com

Example:

Description of book to be cited
"A chapter titled 'Raising weeds and worms in farms' authored by A Richmond, QT Anderson and S Dahlia in approximately 2011, from the third edition multi-volume book series titled Modern Agriculture with volumes 1 and 2, edited by WG Ong, translated by HA Lim, and published in Java, Indonesia by Raving Publishing House".

Citation of the book:
Richmond A, Anderson QT & Dahlia S c. 2011, ‘Raising farms’ in Ong WG (ed.), Modern Agriculture, vols. 1 & 2, trans. HA Lim,

3rd edn., Raving Publishing House, Java, Indonesia.

For journals:

Format with usual citation fields:

<Author(s)> <Date>, <'Title of article'>, <Full title of journal>, <Volume number>, <Page number>.

Format with possible citation fields:

<Author(s)> <Date>, <'Title of article'>, <Full title of journal>, <Volume number>, <Issue number>, <Page number>, <Date of access>, <Online source>.

The following table explains each possible field needed for a book citation in the order of its appearance in the citation.

Field Details and examples
<Author(s)>

1 author:

Thomas Schiller: Schiller T

Ong Wan Wei: Ong WW

2 authors:

Schiller T & Ong WW

More than 2 authors: list all authors:

Schiller T, Ong WW, Tan CK & Jones R

If author is editor:

Schiller T (ed.)

Schiller T (editor)

<Date>

Date available:

2011

Date approximated:

 c. 2011

Date unavailable:

n.d.

2 sources for the same author in the same year:

2011a

2011b

<'Title of article'>

Use single quotation marks.

No need to capitalise the first alphabet of every word except names.

'Growth and deterrence'

'How millennials make sense of changes in demography and society: an Asian perspective'

<Review of book>

Optional

Book title is italicised.

No need to capitalise the first alphabet of every word except names.

review of Nature laws and governance, by WW Ong

<Full title of journal>

Italicised.

The Economist

Weather Climate and Society

Aera Open

<Volume number>

volume 11

vol. 11

<Issue number>

If pagination is continuous in the journal volume, issue number need not be specified.

Example of continuous pagination in volume:

Volume 1, issue #1: page 1 - 41

Volume 1, issue #2: page 42 - 77

Volume 1, issue #3: page 78 - 103

Volume 2, issue #1: page 1 - 38

Issue number can be cited in various ways:

number 2

no. 2

Spring Issue

30 May

40(2) *where it means volume 40 issue 2

<Page number>

p. 51

pp. 20-33

114-135

<Date of access>

Only for online resources.

viewed 11 January 2010

<Online source>

Only for online resources.

Online journal or magazine URL:

http://www.onlinejournal.com

Database:

Factiva database

Example:

Description of article to be cited
A review article titled 'The way of the learnt, the aged' authored by C Dietrich in 2015 on a book titled Learning from experiences by T Schiller. published in ABC Journal's volume 6, pages 161 to 177, where review article was retrieved on 13 March 2016 from XYZ database.

Citation of the article:

Dietrich, C 2015, ‘The way of the learnt', the aged, review of Learning from experiences, by T Schiller, ABC Journal, vol. 6, pp. 161–177, viewed 13 March 2016, XYZ database.