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Citation Styles: IEEE

IEEE Style Guides

The IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) style guides/manuals below provide instructions and examples of how to create footnotes and bibliographies in research papers. Some include advice on grammar and punctuation, research methods, and guidelines on formatting the final paper.

Main features of this citation style include:

  1. Each reference is numbered in square brackets, and arranged in the order of appearance
  2. Each reference has a hanging indent
  3. The author name is first name (or initial) and last. This differs from other styles such as APA where author's last name is first
  4. The title of an article (or chapter, conference paper, patent, etc.) is in quotation marks
  5. The title of the book or journal is in italics.
Refer to this guide for examples of common information sources cited in this citation style.
Download the following guides: