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Citation Styles: AMA

This guide contains information & resources on the commonly used citation styles in NUS such as ACS, AMA, APA, ASA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard, IEEE, Legal style and MLA.

AMA style guides

The AMA (American Medical Association) style guides/manuals below provide instructions and examples on how to create footnotes and bibliographies in research papers. Some include advice on grammar and punctuation, research methods, and guidelines on formatting the final paper.

Online Style Tips

Citation Examples


  1. Greenhalgh T. How to read a paper : the basics of evidence-based medicine. 5th ed. Chichester, West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons Inc.; 2014.

Book Chapters

  1. Solensky R. Drug allergy: desensitization and treatment of reactions to antibiotics and asprin. In: Lockey P, ed. Allergens and Allergen Immunotherapy. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker; 2004:585-606.


Journal Articles

  1. Weihrauch M, Handschin C. Pharmacological targeting of exercise adaptations in skeletal muscle: Benefits and pitfalls. Biochem Pharmacol. 2018;147:211-220.
  2. Song Z, Chen X, You X, et al. Self-assembly of peptide amphiphiles for drug delivery: the role of peptide primary and secondary structures. Biomater Sci. 2017;5(12):2369-2380.


  1. Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. Aspirin for Reducing Your Risk of Heart Attack and Stroke. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Accessed July 23, 2020