Ask your module instructor/coordinator/tutor for the preferred citation style and if there are other special formatting instructions you should follow. Once you have determined the style to follow, use it consistently in your paper (in-text), bibliography or reference list.
This guide contains resources on commonly used citation styles as follows:
If you have queries regarding citation styles, you may contact us here.
You must cite the source when you...
Citing mainly occurs in these areas of your paper :
Examples of in-text citations:
|APA format example:
The sky is blue (Cottrell, 2013).
|ACS format example:
The sky is blue.1
|IEEE format example:
The sky is blue .
A bibliography is a detailed list of works cited in your paper, plus the background readings or other material that you may have read, but not actually cited.
A reference list is the detailed list of references that are cited in your work. For example, in APA Style, each reference cited in text must appear in the reference list, and each entry in the reference list must be cited in text.
This depends on the following:
EndNote is a software that:
|Installation instructions (for NUS staff and students only) and basics of how-to use can be found
at our EndNote Library Guide!
Zotero is a free-to-use bibliographic citation management software that allows you to
|Register for Zotero at https://www.zotero.org, and jump-start with our Zotero Library Guide!
ZoteroBib is a web-based and simplified version of Zotero software, created by the team behind Zotero. It helps you build a bibliography instantly from any computer or device, without having to create an account, install the software or 'build a library'. It's ideal if you're working on ad-hoc assignments that require less than 20 references.
Use ZoteroBib to:
A video showing you how to use Zoterobib