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Citation Styles: AMA

Automatically generate citations from databases and catalogues. Use citation builders to create citations. Check authoritative guidelines for citation cyles.

AMA style guides

The AMA (American Medical Association) style guides/manuals below provide instructions and examples on how to create footnotes and bibliographies in research papers. Some include advice on grammar and punctuation, research methods, and guidelines on formatting the final paper.

Online Style Tips

Citation Examples


  1. Greenhalgh T. How to read a paper : the basics of evidence-based medicine. 5th ed. Chichester, West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons Inc.; 2014.

Book Chapters

  1. Solensky R. Drug allergy: desensitization and treatment of reactions to antibiotics and asprin. In: Lockey P, ed. Allergens and Allergen Immunotherapy. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker; 2004:585-606.


Journal Articles

  1. Weihrauch M, Handschin C. Pharmacological targeting of exercise adaptations in skeletal muscle: Benefits and pitfalls. Biochem Pharmacol. 2018;147:211-220.
  2. Song Z, Chen X, You X, et al. Self-assembly of peptide amphiphiles for drug delivery: the role of peptide primary and secondary structures. Biomater Sci. 2017;5(12):2369-2380.


  1. Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. Aspirin for Reducing Your Risk of Heart Attack and Stroke. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Accessed July 23, 2020

Reference management software

is a software that:

  • stores and organizes citations found from many sources 
  • inserts these citations into a Word document 
  • automatically formats references according to a predefined citation style.

Refer to EndNote guide for more details here

Citation Generators

The following citation builders are freely available on the web. NUS Libraries, however, do not provide support for any of these tools.