Copyright is defined as “The right to copy; specifically, a property right in an original work of authorship fixed in any tangible medium of expression, giving the holder the exclusive right to reproduce, adapt, distribute, perform, and display the work” and “The body of law relating to such works” (Black’s Law Dictionary, 10th ed, 2014).
Copyright under the laws of Singapore is governed by a mixture of legislation and case law. To learn more about copyright law in Singapore, please read this page on Copyright Ownership by IPOS, which should be read with the NUS IP Policy and the terms of your agreement, where applicable.
You may also visit the Intellectual Property Office of Singapore (IPOS) website for basic information on copyright law in Singapore.
|You own the copyright in your academic thesis and dissertations|
You may not own copyright in the manuscript in these situations:
You own copyright in the manuscript if none of the above situations describe yours.
|Use an alternative agreement or publish in an open access journal that uses creative commons licenses|
Sometimes, you may wish to re-use material from other scholarly works, such as figures or diagrams.
The Author-Publisher agreement will require you to guarantee that all third party copyrighted works in your manuscript have been used with proper permission from the copyright owner.
Whether you can re-use the copyrighted work depends on the license applied to the scholarly work.
Publications can be divided up into two broad categories:
|Creative Commons Licensed Work||Non-Creative Commons Licensed Work|
You might be able to re-use the work without seeking permission if the author has distributed the scholarly work under certain Creative Commons licenses.
Please check that you are able to comply with the terms of the Creative Commons license.
Necessary to seek permission from the publisher/journal.
Publishers may have copyright clearance systems and policies that allow users to request for permissions, such as:
If no copyright clearance system exists, contact the copyright owner directly following these steps.
For more tips on searching for re-usable content, please refer to the search tips here.