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Geography: Manage Citations

Manage References/Citations

NUS Libraries provide support for the use of citation or reference managers such as ZoteroZoteroBibMendeley and EndNoteThese software make creating references easier by automatically pulling in citations from databases, library catalogues as well as selected search engines. Citations can then be automatically added to your work and formatted in your preferred style.

Why Cite?

  • To acknowledge intellectual property of the original author
  • To provide support to arguments by referring to authoritative sources
  • To help readers verify your claims
  • To show research done

Where do you Cite?

Citation occurs in 2 areas in a written work.
  • In-text Citation : Providing basic information on your source of reference in your text itself. This is necessary when you are quoting, paraphrasing or summarizing from a source.
  • Reference List : Purpose is to help readers find the references used in your text.

Guides on Citation

Reference/Citation Management Software

zotero icon    is a is a free bibliographic citation management software that:

  • allows you to save, collect, manage, cite, and share research sources.
  • works right in your browser, making it easy to save your citations while you search.
  • the Zotero word processor plugins easily enables you to cite your sources and create a bibliography while you work

      Go to Zotero guide


ZoteroBib helps you build a bibliography instantly from any computer or device, without creating an account or installing any software. It’s brought to you by the team behind Zotero, the powerful open-source research tool recommended by universities worldwide. So you can trust it to help you seamlessly add sources and produce perfect bibliographies.

 Go to ZoteroBib.

Watch the following video on using ZoteroBib to generate citations and to create a personal library of references for your research paper.


is a software that:

  • lets you collect & organize citations, & then easily insert them into documents & format bibliographies
  • drag and drop PDFs into your library & extracts the metadata to create a library
  • highlight and annotate your PDFs and share them with others

       Go to Mendeley guide


  is a software that:

  • stores and organizes citations found from many sources 
  • inserts these citations into a Word document 
  • automatically formats references according to a predefined citation style.

       Go to EndNote guide